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Picrorhiza kurroa

English Name
Synonyend

Latin Picrohichiza Kunoa
Sanskrit Katvi Katureheni Katuka
Hindi Katuka Kapu Kutki
Gujrati Kadu
Tamil Katugurohini
Malayalam katukurohini Katurohini
Telugu Katki
Kanand Kachukarohini

 

Family Scrophulanaceae

 

Distribution & Propagation

It occurs in the Himalayas, from Kashmir to Sikkim at an elevafion of 2.700 – 4,500 m II IS naturally propagated by seeds at high altitudes

 

Description

A small nearly hairy perennial herb with a woody creeping root stock: leaves spathulate. serrat, flowers white Of bluish in dense terminal spcate raceme, fruits ovoid capsules.The dried rhizome is cylindrical, deep greyish brown in colour and longitudinally wrinkled with annulations at the tip Flowering-fruiting August to November.

 

Chemical Constituents

Rhizome contains picroside I and II and kutkoside. Picroside and Kulkosi. are Cg monoterpone iridoid glycosides and contain an epoxy oxide in the ring. The drug also contains apocyanin. Apocyanin i$ 4 – hudroxy, 5- rnethoxy acetophenone and has cholagogue action Glucosidal bitter principal named kutkin. non – bitter product narned kurrin and later identified as D – mannitol, vanilic acid, alcohol. kutkiol. sterol and kutkisterol.

 

Parts Used      Dried rhizomes

 

Properties

Rhizomes – is bitter, acrid, cooling, laxative. carminative. digestive. stomachic, anthelmintic, anti inflammatory, depurative, car,diotonic, galactopurifier, expectorant, antipyretic and antiperiodic. And purgative in large doses.

 

Usages

Rhizomes – are useful in vitiated conditions of Kept. and Rita, burning sensation, constipation,gastropathy. flatulence, colic. anorexia, verrninosis. inflammations, leucoderma. leprosy. Skin diseases. cardiac disorders. hypotension, cough, asthma. bronchitis, hiccough, feveh bilious fever intermittent fever, promote healthy pancreas. jaundice, haemorrhoids. impurity. of breast milk and general debility.